Recognize the Difference Between Irregular and Normal Menstrual Cycles, What Are the Characteristics?


Do you know when was your last period? Or how long does the cycle last? Hmm, if not, maybe it's time you start paying attention to this.

Reporting from detikHealth, the menstrual cycle is a series of changes in a woman's body and reproduction each month in preparation for a possible pregnancy. Knowing your own menstrual cycle can help you understand what's normal for your body, when to ovulate/fertile, and identify when a change has occurred.

Indeed, the menstrual cycle is not always the same for each woman. However, you must also recognize the characteristics of regular and irregular menstrual cycles.

Check out the explanation below, come on!

Normal Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle in women usually lasts between 21-35 days and the menstrual period occurs in 3-7 days. The calculation of the menstrual cycle starts from the first day of menstruation until the first day of the next menstrual period. But generally the average cycle is once every 28 days.

As an illustration, a regular menstrual cycle usually corresponds to the following:

Pre-menstruation (1 week before menses)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) are symptoms experienced by women before menstruation in the form of physical and emotional pain. At this time, a person becomes easily moody and stressed, prone to acne and pimples, always has cravings for 'craving' food, gets tired easily, vaginal discharge in the form of clear liquid, and pain in the breasts.

Menstruation (1 week from the first day of menses)

On the first to third day of menstruation, you will generally experience bloating, cramps in the lower abdomen, backache, low body temperature, and headaches. However, you can still function normally.

On the other hand, the condition of acne, cravings, and easy fatigue was reduced for the better.

After Menses (1 week before ovulation)

For those of you who are following a pregnancy program, fertile time comes on the 14th day of the first day of menstruation, or in the 10th to 17th day range. In addition, at this time your physical and emotional conditions are in good condition, you know!

After Ovulation (1 week after ovulation)

In this phase, your mood begins to change, you are lazy to move again, cravings start to increase again, and you get stifled easily.

Abnormal Menstrual Cycle

Meanwhile, if you often experience the following conditions, your menstrual cycle may be irregular:

Cycles that occur less than 21 days or more than 35 days, with menstrual periods lasting more than 7 days

Missing three or more menstrual cycles in a row

Irregular menstrual blood volume

Often experience dysmenorrhea, which is severe abdominal pain to nausea during menstruation

Experiencing bleeding or spotting that occurs outside of your cycle

Causes of Irregular Menstruation

The appearance of an abnormal or irregular cycle every month can be caused by several factors.

Missing or delayed menstrual cycles can be an early sign of pregnancy. Someone who loses extreme weight, eats irregularly, excessive exercise, anorexia, and others can actually affect the smoothness of the menstrual cycle.

In addition, the presence of medical conditions such as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), uterine fibroids/myomas, reproductive organ infections, premature menopause, and hyperthyroidism also determine the smoothness of the menstrual cycle.

Therefore, it is recommended that every month you record your menstrual cycle on the menstrual cycle recorder application or manually on a calendar, to identify the regularity of your menstrual period.

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