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Can It Really Be Transmitted Through Touch? These are 4 myths and facts about HIV/AIDS that need to be straightened out

 


December 1 is commemorated as World AIDS Day, where on that date the public always provides information to raise awareness about the dangers of HIV/AIDS so as to give enthusiasm and strength to those living with it.

Oh yes, HIV and AIDS are different, yes. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system. If not treated immediately it can cause AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).


Well, on AIDS Day too, people often provide an understanding of the circulating myths that are misleading and provide misunderstandings that cause negative stigma to those who have it. What are these myths? Here are some of them.


HIV Can Be Transmitted By Touch


The myth that HIV can be transmitted by touch seems to have given rise to misunderstandings in society, due to the fact that HIV cannot be spread that way. According to the CDC quoted from the Medical News Today page, shaking hands, hugging, high fives, and similar physical contact will not transmit the virus.


A person can catch the virus if they come into contact with fluids from the sufferer, such as blood, breast milk, semen, vaginal, rectal, and preseminal. But it's not transmitted through saliva. Transmission can also occur through broken skin or by using needles that have been infected with the virus.



HIV/AIDS Can Be Transmitted by Insects


This myth has been widely circulated and can make people worried but the fact is that insects or pets will not transmit HIV/AIDS. For example, in mosquitoes, to transmit the HIV virus, mosquitoes must bite the sufferer and then inject the blood into other people's bodies.


However, if the mosquito has sucked the blood of a person with HIV, the virus will not survive in the mosquito because the genetic makeup is different from that of human DNA. Then the insects also don't re-inject blood into new people, so they can't transmit HIV.


People with HIV/AIDS can be seen from their physical condition


We can not see someone who has HIV / AIDS just from the appearance or physical condition, because the symptoms shown are actually the same as other infections. So to find out someone has the virus, an examination must be carried out, it can be ascertained that this is a myth.


Reporting from Healthline, a person infected with HIV has symptoms of fever, fatigue, or other mild symptoms that generally only last a few weeks. After being tested and found to be HIV positive, the person receiving antiretroviral treatment was relatively healthy and no different from other people.



People with HIV/AIDS Can't Have Children


If a woman has HIV/AIDS, the most important thing before a pregnancy program is to start treatment as soon as possible. So, the statement that people living with HIV/AIDS cannot have children is a myth.


If a woman takes her HIV medication every day as advised by her doctor during her pregnancy (including delivery), and continues medication for her baby for 4-6 weeks after birth. Then the risk of transmission to the baby can be as low as 1 percent or less.


There are also ways for mothers who have HIV to lower their risk of transmission if their HIV viral load is higher than desired, such as opting for a caesarean section or formula feeding.


The existence of myths circulating makes the sufferer underestimated. Well, if you are worried about whether you are exposed to HIV/AIDS, it is better to immediately see a doctor to get further treatment.

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