5 Stages of Sleep Deprivation and Their Effects, The Longer The Smoother!


Besides eating, sleeping is a human effort to survive. During sleep, many things happen to the body, one of which is the regeneration of cells and performing important biological functions. Each age level has different sleep needs.

Adults need 7-8 hours of sleep at night every day. However, in reality, not everyone is able to meet the needs of sleep. Lifestyle, health, work, are some of the factors a person experiences lack of sleep.

In the short term, sleep deprivation may not result in anything, but if it occurs continuously, sleep deprivation can have serious health effects. Quoted from Health Line, lack of sleep can cause decreased cognitive function, easy inflammation, and decreased immunity.

Don't be underestimated! lack of sleep can actually be a trigger

Furthermore, it seems that sleep deprivation itself has several stages, which are divided into 12 or 24 hours and have an effect that gets worse when a person is sleep deprived. Compiled from Health Line, here are the reviews.

Stage 1: After 24 hours

Not sleeping for 24 hours may be normal for some people. Serious effects on health may not arise from lack of sleep during this time. However, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States, 24 hours of sleep deprivation is said to be equivalent to having a blood alcohol concentration of 0.10 percent.

This level is somewhat higher than the limit for legal driving. Because staying awake 24 hours can cause symptoms such as drowsiness, irritability, increased risk of stress, decreased alertness, impaired concentration, forgetfulness, fatigue, tremors, cravings, and panda eyes.

Stage 2: After 36 hours

At the stage of 36 hours of sleep deprivation, the effects will look more intense than before, one of which is an overwhelming desire to sleep. Some people may experience microsleep or short sleep without realizing it.

At this stage, parts of the brain will have difficulty communicating with each other, impairing cognitive performance and causing effects such as impaired memory, difficulty learning new information, behavioral changes, impaired decision making, difficulty processing cues, and slow reactions.

Sometimes, there are also effects on health, such as increased appetite, easy inflammation in the body, decreased immunity, and very tired.

Stage 3: After 48 hours

This stage is an extreme sleep deprivation. Not only the possibility of microsleep, lack of sleep for 48 hours also opens a person's opportunity to start hallucinating, such as seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not really there.

Moreover, other effects are also possible, such as loss of identity, anxiety, increased stress, and extreme fatigue. Never try to drive a vehicle or activity that requires high focus.

Stage 4: Wake up for 72 hours

At this stage, the possibility of microsleep can occur more often and for longer. Furthermore, sleep deprivation will significantly impair perception, plus hallucinations may become more complex with accompanying illusions, delusions, disorganized thinking, and loss of identity.

Stage 5: Waking up for 96 hours or more

Many distractions occur about reality after 4 days of sleep absence. If a person loses so many hours of sleep that he cannot interpret reality, it is called sleep deprivation psychosis.

How to fix it

It is very possible for a person to recover from sleep deprivation. The trick is to go to bed earlier than sleeping late at night. That way, it will be more likely to get at least 7-8 hours of rest every night. This will help your body get back on schedule.

However, this method of restoring sleep cannot be instant. It can take days or weeks to recover from sleep deprivation. Health Line says 1 hour of sleep deprivation takes 4 days to recover. So, the longer you are awake, the longer it will take to recover.

With the aforementioned effects, everyone is advised not to do activities that require high concentration, such as driving, operating machinery, and others.

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